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States / Bihar


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Bihar is the 13th largest state of India, with the 3rd largest population living in an area of 94,163 sq km. According to 2011 census, the state has a population of 10.41 crore people, out of which only 11.29% living in urban areas and the rest in rural areas. The state has literacy rate of 61.80%. Bihar is an amalgamation of three main regions – Magadh, Mithila and Bhojpur. It is an entirely land-locked state, bounded by Nepal in the north and by Jharkhand in the south. Bihar is one of India’s most historically and culturally rich states. The Magadh Empire, Nalanda, Budhhism, Madhubani painting and Bhagalpuri silk have their origins in Bihar. The rural population is primarily engaged in agriculture, and they are the largest producers of vegetables in the country.

The Bihar Panchayati Raj Act, 1993 was passed in accordance with the 73rd Constitution Amendment. Panchayats at all the three levels have been entrusted with duties and functions in respect of all the 29 matters listed in the Eleventh Schedule of the Constitution. Bihar Rural Livelihoods Promotion Society (BRLPS), an autonomous organisation set up by the Government of Bihar and supported by the World Bank is spearheading the task of enhancing the social and economic empowerment of the rural poor in the state.

 Kudmbashree NRO has been working with the Bihar Rural Livelihoods Promotion Society in two major domains- MEC project and SVEP

 MEC Project 

Under the MEC project, Kudumbashree NRO initially started its project in the year 2012 for a period of three years. The work was carried out in Gaya and Muzaffarpur distrits of the state. The main objectives of the project were

  • Creation of sustainable livelihoods for rural people through self employment initiatives
  • Provide community level handholding support through trained MEC
  • Enable SRLM to formulate state policy for enterprise promotion and support


At the end of the project period (three years) a post mid term review was conducted after which it was extended for another year till 2016. Some of the main activities that were conducted under this period were the selection and capacity building of the MEC. This was a yearlong activity. Subsequently, the benchmarking and marketing assessment of existing enterprises in villages of the district was also done. Concurrently, the primary activity of enterprise development was initiated. To monitor the health of the enterprises started under the project, training on Performance Tracking System (PTS) was also imparted to the MECs. Towards the end of the project, some of the better performing MECs were also selected and trained to work as trainers for new project areas and SVEP. The MEC Policy was also rolled out by the SRLM, based on which MEC groups signed an agreement with the CLFs for further enterprise promotion and support.


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Micro Enterprise Consultants (MEC)


Micro Enterprise Consultant Groups


Micro Enterprises promoted






The SVEP project started in Bihar in 2016 for a period of 4 years. The program is being implemented in Madhubani, Muzaffarpur, Vaishali, Patna, Nalanda, Gaya & Bhagalpur districts of the state. The vision of the project is to help the rural poor come out of poverty by helping them set up enterprises and provide support till the enterprises stabilize as well as to support entrepreneurs with business skills, exposure, loans for starting and business support during the first critical six months of setting up of enterprises. These skills shall be imparted by local youth who will be trained to become CRP-EPs (Community Resource Persons for Enterprise Promotion) and will be equipped with knowledge on business management, monitoring and support using ICT and audio-visual aids. These local CRP-EPs shall also provide support to the enterprises. The objectives of the project arebiharsvep

  1. To enable rural poor to set up their enterprises, in its proof of concept phase, by developing a sustainable model for Village Entrepreneurship promotion through integrated ICT techniques and tools for training and capacity building, enterprise advisory services and to provide loans from banks/SHG & federations.
  2. Develop local resources by training a pool of village level community cadre (CRP EP) and build the capacity of the NRLM and SHG federations to monitor and direct the work of the CRP EPs.
  3. Help the rural entrepreneurs to access finance for starting their enterprises from the NRLM SHG and federations, the banking systems including the proposed MUDRA bank.

There is considerable progress towards the achievement of the objectives of the project. The institutions (BRC and its committees) have been formed and trained in all the districts. These institutions are fully functional and discharge their duties efficiently. The CRP-EPs have been selected, trained and placed at the BRC to carry out the project activities. Also, the primary activity i.e. the enterprise development process is in full swing.

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Community Resource Persons-Enterprise Promotion (CRP-EP)


Micro Enterprises promoted


Amount of loans disbursed






Last updated on Wednesday, 31 January 2018 08:37